Utilitarianism suggests that an action is morally right when that action produces more total utility for the group than any other alternative Boylan, At first, Aristotle leaves open the first of these two possibilities.
He will elaborate on these points in X. Why, being briefer, is it named the Magna Moralia? Though the general point of view expressed in each work is the same, there are many subtle differences in organization and content as well.
For it is only near the end of Book X that he presents a full discussion of the relative merits of these two kinds of intellectual virtue, and comments on the different degrees to which each needs to be provided with resources.
Here he is influenced by an idea expressed in the opening line of the Ethics: First, there is the thesis that every virtue is a state that lies between two vices, one of excess and the other of deficiency.
If I am enjoying a conversation, for example, I do not need to wait until it is finished in order to feel pleased; I take pleasure in the activity all along the way. Aristotle assumes, on the contrary, not simply that these common passions are sometimes appropriate, but that it is essential that every human being learn how to master them and experience them in the right way at the right times.
Either can lead to impetuosity and weakness.
Perhaps such a project could be carried out, but Aristotle himself does not attempt to do so. The other components of the soul are not variable in the same way. Aristotle might be taken to reply: But more often what happens is that a concrete goal presents itself as his starting point—helping a friend in need, or supporting a worthwhile civic project.
Clearly, one is a re-working of the other, and although no single piece of evidence shows conclusively what their order is, it is widely assumed that the Nicomachean Ethics is a later and improved version of the Eudemian Ethics.
Virtue ethics is also called agent-based or character ethics. Temperance in the face of pleasure and pain 3. Nonetheless, Aristotle insists, the highest good, virtuous activity, is not something that comes to us by chance. Therefore pleasure is not the good b23— During the scholastic period, the most comprehensive consideration of the virtues from a theological perspective was provided by St.
One could say that he deliberates, if deliberation were something that post-dated rather than preceded action; but the thought process he goes through after he acts comes too late to save him from error. He is not making the tautological claim that wrongful sexual activity is wrong, but the more specific and contentious point that marriages ought to be governed by a rule of strict fidelity.Virtue Ethics Approach Essay - 1.
Identify the main pros and cons of a virtue ethics approach. The virtue ethics approach is a theory that suggests that people are judged via their character, not specific actions. Essay about Confucius and Aristotle on Virtue Words | 4 Pages Confucius and Aristotle on Virtue Lisa Wilson Dr.
Malone Date 12/5/ Confucius and Aristotle are some of the greatest thinkers in the history of mankind.
The virtue ethics of Aristotle suggest that lying is wrong because honesty is a virtue. It is important to build character and bring out the best in human nature.
Lying brings out a negative side of human nature, and it is morally preferable to be virtuous. Virtue theory emphasises Aristotle's belief in the polis as the acme of political organisation, and the role of the virtues in enabling human beings to flourish in that environment.
Aristotle was a Greek philosopher, scientist as well as logician who lived between and BC. Aristotle is highly regarded as one of the famous thinkers in various fields such as political theory.
He is an ancient thinker who was an effective contributor together with his teacher Plato.
His. Aristotle Virtue Theory Essay It is only through habitually practicing to try to make the right decisions that we can aspire to become virtuous. It is not our response to .Download