Comparative social research

They may also help to sharpen the focus of analysis of the subject under Comparative social research by suggesting new perspectives. Even within a single discipline, differences in the research traditions of participating countries may affect the results of a collaborative project and the quality of any joint publications.

Language can present a major obstacle to effective international collaboration, since it is not simply a medium for conveying concepts, but part of the conceptual system, reflecting institutions, thought processes, values and ideology, and implying that the approach to a topic and interpretations of it will differ according to the language of expression.

He noticed there was a difference in types of social welfare systems, and compared them based on their level of decommodification of social welfare goods. The term comparative method refers to a specific kind of comparison — the comparison of large macro-social units. Comparative social research undertake cross-national comparisons?

Yet, relatively few social scientists feel they are well equipped to conduct studies that seek to cross national boundaries, or to work in international teams. Funding bodies have their own agenda: The Group holds a database containing information about researchers engaged in cross-national comparative work.

This reluctance may be explained not only by a lack of knowledge or understanding of different cultures and languages but also by insufficient awareness of the research traditions and processes operating in different national contexts.

Episteme, as a form and activity in the field of logos, marked the break of cognitive closure and advanced empirical inquiry, logical argumentation and the search for truth. Comparing large quantities of data especially government sourced is prevalent.

Cross-national surveys should pay as much attention to the choice and compilation of aggregate-level contextual variables, as they do to individual-level dependent and independent variables relevant level-2 variables.

To transform cross-national surveys from parallel exercises into joint ones, collective development work, experimentation, scale construction, and piloting should be undertaken in all participating nations.

Rules of Comparative Research

Agreement is therefore difficult to reach over research parameters and units of comparison. Information Page Despite the growing awareness of globalization, the main bulk of empirical work in the social sciences remains within the frames of what Stein Rokkan termed "national empiricism".

In a situation of record high European unemployment, this has sparked controversy about the very notion of free movement, one of the basic foundations of the European Community, and has unleashed heated debates about the conditions, causes, and consequences of large-scale labour migration for receiving as well as sending societies.

The amount of time that can be allocated to the research, the ease with which reliable data can be obtained and the relative expense involved are also likely to affect the quality of the material for comparisons.

The managerial skills and experience of the co-ordinators are, therefore, critical in holding the team together, in obtaining material and providing the comparative framework for the research, which also requires a sound knowledge and understanding of other national contexts, their languages and intellectual traditions.

Information technology has enabled greater production of quantitative data for comparison, and international communications technology has facilitated this information to be easily spread.

Each volume is concentrated on a specific topic, mostly of substantive, but also of methodological character. In interpreting the results, wherever possible, findings should be examined in relation to their wider societal context and with regard to the limitations of the original research parameters.

The problems of building and managing a research team can often be resolved only by a process of trial and error, and the quality of the contributions to multinational projects may be very uneven.

Resist the temptation to compare too many countries at once. Although the obstacles to successful cross-national comparisons may be considerable, so are the benefits: Comparative Social Research seeks well-written articles that place the current or historical data in context, critically review the literature of comparative studies, or provide new theoretical or methodological insights.

In many respects, the methods adopted in cross-national comparative research are no different from those used for within-nation comparisons or for other areas of sociological research. If one is able to sufficiently distinguish two carry the research conclusions will not be very helpful.

Emerging naturally from the six previous rules, cross-national surveys should ideally be confined to the smallest number of countries consistent with their aims, rather than celebrating as many nations as possible in their purview. A juxtaposition approach is often adopted at this stage: In other words, it is part of the emergence of episteme and philo-sophia, as a love for knowledge that is independent from material benefits.

In some areas, national records may be non-existent or may not go back very far. To avoid infringing well-established cultural norms in one country or another, substantial national variations in methods are sometimes tolerated that should render comparisons invalid.

Since much of the international work carried out at European level is not strictly comparative at the design and data collection stages, the findings cannot then be compared systematically.

This would tend to ensure cross-national collaboration in the interpretation as well as the design of comparative research. It is largely an empty debate over the definition of the tradition with those questioning whether comparing things counts as comparative research.

When researchers from different backgrounds are brought together on collaborative or cross-national projects, valuable personal contacts can be established, enabling them to capitalise on their experience and knowledge of different intellectual traditions and to compare and evaluate a variety of conceptual approaches.

Comparisons can lead to fresh, exciting insights and a deeper understanding of issues that are of central concern in different countries.

Data collection is strongly influenced by national conventions.Comparative Social Research. 75 likes. Comparative Social Research aims at furthering the international orientation in the social sciences. It is.

Comparative research is a research methodology in the social sciences that aims to make comparisons across different countries or cultures.A major problem in comparative research is that the data sets in different countries may not use the same categories, or define categories differently (for example by using different definitions of poverty.

Comparative social research | Despite the growing awareness of globalization, the main bulk of empirical work in the social sciences remains within the frames of what Stein Rokkan termed "national. The Cross-National Research Group was established in with the aim of providing a forum for discussion and exchange of ideas and experience between researchers from different social science disciplines engaged in cross-national comparative studies, for those planning to embark on cross-national projects and for policy-makers interested in.

Comparative research is a research methodology in the social sciences that aims to make comparisons across different countries or cultures. The term comparative method refers to a specific kind of comparison – the comparison of large macro-social units.

The most cited papers from this title published in the last 3 years. Statistics are updated weekly using participating publisher data sourced exclusively from Crossref.

Comparative research Download
Comparative social research
Rated 0/5 based on 38 review