Chen A, Rogan WJ. Lactation and Malignancy Lactation suppresses ovulation, leading to lactation amenorrhea. Critique article breast feeding in metabolism between breastfeeding and formula-feeding women appear to persist into later life. Breastfeeding and the risk of postneonatal death in the United States.
Breast is no longer best: Lactation and risk of breast cancer in a cohort of US women. For mothers, failure to breastfeed is associated with an increased incidence of premenopausal breast cancer, ovarian cancer, retained gestational weight gain, type 2 diabetes, myocardial infarction, and the metabolic syndrome.
Obstetricians who counsel on breastfeeding can help eliminate outdated practices and provide evidence-based support on behalf of breastfeeding.
Duration of lactation and incidence of type 2 diabetes. The benefits of breastfeeding or the harm of formula feeding?
The role of gut-associated lymphoid tissues and mucosal defence. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. Mothers received either a formula company-sponsored information pack on infant feeding or a noncommercial pack of equal value.
These oligosaccharides, cytokines, and immunoglobulins regulate gut colonization and development of gut-associated lymphoid tissue and govern differentiation of T cells that play a role in host defense and tolerance.
Ovarian Cancer In case-control studies, 1 never breastfeeding is associated with a 1. Effect of breast feeding in infancy on blood pressure in later life: Effect of lifetime lactation on breast cancer risk: Except under unusual circumstances, the newborn infant should remain with the mother throughout the recovery period.
World Health Organization; These studies were conducted prior to use of formula supplemented with long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids LCPUFAwhich had been added to infant formula with the goal of improving neurocognitive outcomes.
These findings suggest that infant feeding is an important modifiable risk factor for disease for both mothers and infants.
Breastfeeding and childhood obesity-a systematic review. Childhood Cancer Several studies have examined associations between formula feeding and childhood leukemia based on the hypothesis that immunoreactive factors in breast milk may prevent viral infections implicated in the leukemia pathogenesis.
Epidemiologic studies suggest that these differences may persist after weaning with significant longterm benefits for mothers. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med.
Milk synthesis occurs continuously, as lactocytes produce lipids, lactose, proteins, and immunoglobulins that comprise human milk. History of breast-feeding in relation to breast cancer risk: Longchain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation in infants born at term. Pediatr Clin North Am.
A recent meta-analysis by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality reviewed this evidence in detail 1: Placental prolactin, placental growth hormone, and human placental lactogen support mammary differentiation and milk formation. However, a recent Cochrane meta-analysis concluded that most well-conducted randomized trials showed no benefit of LCPUFA versus control formula on visual acuity or neurodevelopment among term infants.
American Academy of Family Physicians, authors. Evidence on the long-term effects of breastfeeding: This set of evidence-based guidelines was developed by the WHO to increase initiation and duration of breastfeeding.
This accumulation of milk in the alveoli appears to downregulate prolactin receptors in the mammary epithelium, leading to reduced milk production. Duration of lactation and risk factors for maternal cardiovascular disease.breastfeeding~The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) offers articles help explain how breastfeeding not only provides excellent nutrition, but also sets baby up for healthy growth and development.
We gratefully acknowledge and thank all contributors and reviewers of The CDC Guide to Breastfeeding Interventions. The efforts of Jane Heinig, PhD, IBCLC, RLC, to increase exclusive breast-feeding, and to increase its duration.
Choosing the most appropriate intervention CDC received detailed input and critique from. Article Critique: Breast-Feeding and Planned Behavior Theory The article, “A Theory of Planned Behavior-Based Structural Model for Breast-Feeding”, explores factors in which can help predict breast-feeding behaviors among women of different background characteristics (Duckett et.
The study was based off of the Theory of. Several studies have examined associations between formula feeding and childhood leukemia based on the hypothesis that immunoreactive factors in breast milk may prevent viral infections implicated in the leukemia pathogenesis.
47 Two meta-analyses 1, 48 found a fold higher risk of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (95% CI, –) among. Breast feeding has been known from ages past to be an incomparable method of providing the best food for the healthy development and growth of new born babies. The Case Against Breast-Feeding In certain overachieving circles, breast-feeding is no longer a choice—it’s a no-exceptions requirement, the ultimate badge of .Download