These are the only Minoan artifacts which have been found in Israel. Language and writing[ edit ] One side of the Phaistos Disc Knowledge of the spoken and written language of the Minoans is scant due to the small number of records found.
However, scholars believe that these resources were not as significant as grain, olives and animal produce. The earliest dated writings found on Crete are Cretan hieroglyphs.
The robes were open to the navel, exposing their breasts. Linear A served as the foundation for Linear Bwhich recorded the earliest attested form of the Greek language: According to Evans, the saffron a sizable Minoan industry was used for dye.
During the Bronze Agethey were made of Minoan society archaeological and written evidence with wooden handles. Due to its round hole, the tool head would spin on the handle. The number of sleeping rooms in the palaces indicates that they could have supported a sizable population which was removed from manual labor.
Cretans ate wild deer, wild boar and meat from livestock. The partially-restored "campstool fresco" from Knossos They may have practiced polyculture and their varied, healthy diet resulted in a population increase. The fresco known as the Sacred Grove at Knossos depicts women facing left, flanked by trees.
In late Minoan-style frescoes and other artifacts were discovered during excavations of the Canaanite palace at Tel KabriIsraelleading archaeologists to conclude that the Minoan influence was the strongest on the Canaanite city-state.
Smaller palaces have been found elsewhere on the island. Two clay cups from Knossos had remnants of ink, and inkwells similar to animal-shaped Mesopotamian inkstands have been found.
Nearly all the tablets written in the Linear B script seem to be inventories of goods or resources. Polyculture theoretically maintains soil fertility and protects against losses due to crop failure. Gortyn was also a noted Minoan settlement. Fashion[ edit ] Minoan men wore loincloths and kilts.
It is unknown whether the language is Minoan, and its origin is debated. Artistic depictions of farming scenes also appear on the Second Palace Period "Harvester Vase" an egg-shaped rhyton on which 27 men led by another carry hoes.
Unless Eteocretan is its descendant, the Minoan language may have become extinct during the Greek Dark Ages a period of economic and sociopolitical collapse.
Cretan cuisine included wild game: Knossos — the largest  Bronze Age archaeological site on Crete; was purchased for excavations by Evans on March 16, Linear B tablets indicate the importance of orchards figsolives and grapes in processing crops for "secondary products".
The prevalence of edible molluscs in site material  and artistic representations of marine fish and animals including the distinctive LM IIIC "Octopus" stirrup jarindicate appreciation and occasional use of fish by the economy.
Although the hieroglyphs are often associated with the Egyptians, they also indicate a relationship to Mesopotamian writings. There are signs of earthquake damage at many Minoan sites, and clear signs of land uplifting and submersion of coastal sites due to tectonic processes along its coast.
Women wore robes with short sleeves and layered, flounced skirts. The Minoans also domesticated bees. Some scholars have suggested that it is a harvest festival or ceremony to honor the fertility of the soil.
Because most of the inscriptions are economic records rather than dedicatory inscriptions, the translation of Minoan remains a challenge. The Minoan trade in saffronthe stigma of a naturally-mutated crocus which originated in the Aegean basin, has left few material remains.
Tools[ edit ] Tools, originally made of wood or bone, were bound to handles with leather straps. The Minoans developed oval-shaped holes in their tools to fit oval-shaped handles, which prevented spinning.
Such activities are seen in artistic representations of the sea, including the "Flotilla" fresco in room five of the West House at Akrotiri. The north is thought to have been governed from Knossos, the south from Phaistosthe central-eastern region from Maliathe eastern tip from Kato Zakros and the west from Chania.
Minoan religion apparently focused on female deities, with women officiants. Pearquinceand olive trees were also native. At larger sites such as Knossos, there is evidence of craft specialization workshops.
The Minoan palatial system may have developed through economic intensification, where an agricultural surplus could support a population of administrators, craftsmen and religious practitioners.
They also cultivated grapesfigs and olivesgrew poppies for seed and perhaps opium.The Minoan civilization flourished in the Middle Bronze Age on the island of Crete located in the eastern Mediterranean from c.
BCE until c. BCE. between the palaces and the power structure within them or over the island as a whole is not clear due to a lack of archaeological and literary evidence.
It is clear, however, that the. Minoan Names. Minoan names are very difficult to find because the Minoan script, called Linear A, has not yet been deciphered.
Rusa - A Minoan name written on an Egyptian tablet in the British Museum. (4) Minoan Society: Archaeological and written evidence. Dec 03, · Minoan Society: Archaeological and written evidence The Minoans are one of the most interesting societies that one could ever study.
Their archaeological remains are colourful and curious, their lives seemed to have been as sunny as their surrounding climate and as beautiful as their island—but was this really so? Minoan Culture. Religion. Linear B which was used by the Mycenaeans was the written script used at later Minoan times and was deciphered recently, in It has been determined by linguists that Linear B is a primitive form of Greek.
and do shed some indirect light into the life of a prosperous society. Minoan Art. Minoan Society: Archaeological and written evidence The Minoans are one of the most interesting societies that one could ever study. Their archaeological remains are colourful and curious, their lives seemed.
Minoan Society: Archaeological and written evidence The Minoans are one of the most interesting societies that one could ever study. Their archaeological remains are colourful and curious, their lives seemed to have been as sunny as their surrounding climate and as beautiful as their island—but was this really so?Download