Religious fundamentalism in the modern world

Why Christian Fundamentalism Is Still a Big Deal in U.S. Politics, And How It Got That Way

Religion is a beautiful thing, but it has no place in national politics or world government. Many groupings, large and small, were produced by this schism. Jewish fundamentalism, in the form of extreme Zionism, professes the belief that the land of Israel is rightfully theirs, given to them by God, and that all others have no place in it.

They were not overtly political, and they certainly did not attempt to remake state and society according to biblical precepts. The rise of Islamist political parties and a response to the West and Modernization in the Middle East in the midth century launched these parties and their platforms to prominence.

It had already surfaced in a major Presbyterian dispute in and was also tied to the publication of a twelve-volume series of books, issued between andcalled The Fundamentals.

Never before in world history has there been this level of religious radicalism and fundamentalism on a global scale. A dynamic preacher and leader in Canadian fundamentalism, Smith wrote 35 books and engaged in missionary work worldwide.

Where Islam is the dominant religion—in the Middle East but also countries such as Indonesia—this is manifested in the growth of Islamic fundamentalism. Richard Niebuhrunderstood the conflict between fundamentalism and modernism to be part of a broader social conflict between the cities and the country.

Fundamentalism would come into its own in the s, in a series of confrontations that in many ways still reverberate within American Protestantism.

Dispensationalists felt special urgency for the Jews, who played a central role in the events of the end times.

Christian Fundamentalism in America

An enduring fundamentalism is difficult to maintain in some religions. These charitable activities are an important source of its appeal among the Palestinian population. For the members of such groups, Hinduism is above all a symbol of national identity rather than a set of rules to be obeyed.

Freedom of religion and belief is a basic human right. Up through the turn of the century it had generated relatively little open opposition, as most Protestants understood Darwinism within a larger framework of faith in upward progress, and they found ways to harmonize both the theory of development and its startlingly long time frame with the book of Genesis.

Once the imperialists and reactionaries unleashed this blood-letting, this encouraged and gave impetus to, and swept many people up in, a kind of bloodlust of revenge.

What Is Religious Fundamentalism?

Fundamentalism tends to arise in prophetic religious traditions. But the image of a stifling courtroom in a southern town, a Bible-thumping prosecutor and an earnest defender of modern science, has lived on. Richard Antoun describes it as "the centering of the mythic past in the present" Like most fundamentalists, they generally have a Manichaean dualistic worldview: The term "anti-intellectual," however, must be used cautiously, for fundamentalism internally develops elaborately rationalized schemes to explain almost everything, and it often develops a striking commitment to a dogmatic lay intellectuality.

But, as the power of the written word spread it came with related side-effects: By Oishimaya Sen Nag. The hallmark of ignorant, dangerous barbarianism and fundamentalism. Anything else is undemocratic.

This is one reason why movements that approximate fundamentalism often attack the established clergy first, and why they manifest both anti-intellectual and schismatic tendencies. This has had a profound effect—negatively—in undermining, in the shorter term, the sense among many oppressed people, throughout the world, that socialist revolution offered the way out of their misery and in creating more ground for those, and in particular religious fundamentalists, who seek to rally people behind something which in certain ways is opposing the dominant oppressive power in the world but which itself represents a reactionary worldview and program.

The two movements, though similar, are not synonymous. Christian Evangelicalswho represented roughly 25 percent of the U. Unlike the Abrahamic religions, fundamentalism in Indian religions is much more subdued, though not completely non-existent.According to the article “The Great Revival: Understanding Religious Fundamentalism in Foreign Affairs,” some religions denounce modern culture like Islam, and others like Evangelical Christianity, embrace it without its “sinful” aspects, such as pornography, abortion, homosexual rights and so on.

In a larger sense, fundamentalism is a form of militant opposition to the modern world, used by some scholars to identify morally absolutist religious and political movements in Islam, Judaism, Christianity, and even Hinduism and Buddhism.

Christian fundamentalism began in the late 19th and early 20th centuries among British and American Protestants as a reaction to theological liberalism and cultural modernism. But does fundamentalism necessarily equal violence?

The Rise of Modern Religious Fundamentalism Worldwide

Four experts on the subject, from all three Abrahamic traditions, gathered at the Cathedral of St. John the Divine in New York City on Nov. 17 for a conversation on the religious and political roots in Christianity, Judaism, and Islam. Here I will focus on the effects of this in the Third World—the countries of Africa, Latin America, Asia and the Middle East—and the ways in which this has contributed to the current growth of religious fundamentalism there.

Unlike the Abrahamic religions, fundamentalism in Indian religions is much more subdued, though not completely non-existent. Hinduism, being the world’s most ancient religion, does not assign supreme authority to any particular sacred text, nor .

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Religious fundamentalism in the modern world
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